A Great Son Of India Question Answer Summary and MCQ PDF

 
mcq question and answer a great son of india
A Great Son of India

A Great Son Of India Question Answer Summary and MCQ PDF

About the Topic

       Many great saints were born in India. One among these carried the teachings of the Upanishads to the people of the world. The great and liberal philosophy of India fascinated the audience when the young saint spoke to them in simple words but with profound faith and confidence. Can you guess the name of the young saint ? Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan, the great teacher and philosopher speaks about him on the saint’s 92nd  birthday. Read the lesson to know more about the great son of India.

The story

   I am happy to be here and distribute prizes for recitation and speech competitions. I congratulate those who have won these rewards on their achievements. The students who won the prizes and the many others who competed for them had the great opportunity of reading some of the writings of Swami Vivekananda. I have no doubt they have been impressed and inspired by what they have read. Vivekananda’s life and teachings have prepared us for the new age of freedom in which we live. They tell us how best we can consolidate the freedom we have recently won. He was one of the great leaders of the Indian Renaissance.

  Like all the great teachers of India, Vivekananda did not profess to be the formulator of a new system of thought. He interpreted for us and the world India’s religious consciousness, the treasures of her past. His writings and speeches are all fortified by quotations from the Indian scriptures and the life and sayings of his great Master, that transcendent religious genius, Shri Ramakrishna.

     In the short time at my disposal it will not be possible for me to speak on more than one or two aspects of Vivekananda’s teaching.

    The two dominant features of our age are science and democracy.  They have come to stay. We  cannot ask educated people to accept the deliverances of faith without rational evidence. Whatever we are called upon to accept must be justified and supported by reason. Otherwise our religious beliefs will be reduced to wishful thinking. Modern man must learn to live with a religion which commends itself to his intellectual conscience, to the spirit of science. Besides, religion should be sustaining faith of democracy, or race.  Any religion which divides man from man or supports privileges, exploitation, wars, cannot commend itself to us today.

     If we are passing through a period of the eclipse of religion, of the light of heaven, it is because religions as they are practiced seem to be both unscientific and undemocratic.

  The most obvious fact of life is its transience. Everything in this world passes away, the written word, the painted picture, the carved stone, the heroic act. Great civilizations are subject to the law of time. The earth on which we live may one day become unfit for human habitation as the sun ages and alters. Our acts and thoughts, our deeds of heroism, our political structures are a part of history, of becoming, or process.  They all belong to the world of time.  Time is symbolised in India’s tradition by birth and death. Is this world which is a perpetual procession of events, self-sustaining, self-maintaining, self-established, or is there a Beyond underlying it, unifying it and inspiring it, standing behind it and yet immanent in it ? Is becoming all or is there being behind it ?

     Will man annihilate nothingness or will nothingness annihilate him ? This very problem, this dread, this anxiety that we have, this feeling of the precariousness of the world bears witness to the world beyond. It is a longing for life eternal in the midst of time. Because of the implicit awareness of the ultimate reality we have the sense of godforsakeness.  

A Great Son Of India Question Answer Summary and MCQ PDF

Comprehension Check :

1. Who is the speaker ?

2. On what occasion does he speak ?

3. What does the ‘treasure of her past’ refer to ?

4. Where did Vivekananda collect the treasure ?

5. How are religion and science interrelated ?

6. Why should religion be the faith of democracy ?

7. What could be the reason for the eclipse of religion ?

8. What is the ultimate truth of life ?

9. How does time act as a powerful force ?

10. What explanation of the fundamental problem is provided by the Upanishads ?

        Part -II

       By logical investigations and by personal experience, our great thinkers came to the conclusion that there is a Beyond of which all this world is the expression. The Upanishads give us an explanation of this fundamental problem. They mention logical arguments and also experiences of men who bear witness to the reality of the Supreme. What we call the Vedas are merely the registers of the spiritual experiences of the great seer. Says Vivekananda : ‘By the Vedas no books are meant.  They mean the accumulated treasure of spiritual laws discovered by different persons in different times’. They are therefore ever-expanding. What is built for ever is for ever building. For Vivekananda religion is  Yoga. It is personal change, adjustment, integration. It is not a profession of doctrine. It is the reconditioning of one’s nature. It is not intellectual orthodoxy.  It is the reconditioning of one’s nature. It is not intellectual orthodoxy. It is the awakening of the life of the spirit in man. He wrote books on Jnana  Yoga, Raja  Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Karma  Yoga and urged that the goal of spiritual realisation can be reached by any one of these different methods.   

       When we express the truths of spiritual life in intellectual forms, these latter are abstractions from live experience. They do not deal justly with the immensity and mystery of spiritual life. If we exalt the particular creeds over the universal truths, we tend to become intolerant. Intolerance is an expression of religious conceit and not humility.

         We today speak of our secular attitude. We are not secular in the sense that we are indifferent to religion. We are secular because we regard all religions as sacred. We believe in freedom of conscience. Each soul has the right to choose its own path and seek God in its own way. Secularism requires us not merely to tolerate, but to understand and love other religions. Bearing in mind Shri Ramakrishna’s experience, Vivekananda said: ‘We Hindus do not merely tolerate. We unite ourselves with every religion, praying in the mosque of the Mohammedan, worshipping before the fire of the Zoroastrian and kneeling to the Cross of the Christian.’

       In his travels abroad, Vivekananda felt miserable about the backwardness of India in several matters, the way in which religion is confused with so much obscurantism and superstition. He protested vehemently against the abuse of religion, about our insistence on touchability and untouchability.  All this was inconsistent with the great principle of our religion that the Divine is in us, in all of us, operative and alive, ready to come to the surface at the first suitable opportunity.  The light which lighteth every man that cometh into the world, this antar-jyoti cannot be put out. Whether we like it or not, whether we know it or not, the Divine is in us, and the end of man consists in attaining union with the Divine.

          The ultimate tests of true religions are recognition of truth and reconciliation with human beings. To overcome enemies we must possess that which far surpasses enmity, ahimsa, or renunciation of hatred.  

            Vivekananda raises work to the level of worship and exhorted us to seek salvation through the service of God in man. If we in our country are to profit by the teachings of Vivekananda, it is essential that we should all be interested in not only constructive work, but become dedicated spirits, spirits dedicated to the task of establishing a spiritual religion which transcends ecclesiastical organisations and doctrinal sophistries and subtleties, a religion which leads to the transformation of human society and brings it nearer to the Ramrajya or the Kingdom of God, which our prophets have set before us. 

A Great Son Of India Question Answer Summary and MCQ PDF

Comprehension check :

    A speech by Dr. S. Radhakrishnan

1.What are the Vedas according to Vivekananda ?

2. What is  Yoga in his opinion ?

3. Which  Yogas have been discussed by him in his writings ?

4. What is secularism ?

5. Which experience of Sri Ramakrishna does Vivekananda teach people ?

6. What are the abuses of religion ?

7. What is ‘antar-jyoti’ referred to in the text ?

8.What is the ultimate test of true religion ?

9. What is necessary for creating the Ramrajya ? 

 class 10th english mcq note     A Great Son Of India Question Answer Summary and MCQ PDF                                                                             

A Great Son of India

a great son of india mcq question answer  

1. Who is the speaker of the story “ A Great Son of India “ ?

Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan

Swami Vivekananda

Prem Chand

Ruskin Bond

2. When did Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan speak this story ?

92nd birthday celebration of Swami Vivekananda

92nd birthday celebration of Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan

93rd birthday celebration of Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan

93rd birthday celebration of Swami Vivekananda

3. Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan speaks about the young saint ________.

Gautam Buddha

Mahavir Jain

Swami Vivekananda

Ramakrishnan Paramhansa

4. What did the students have the great opportunity ?

Writings of Ramakrishna Paramhansa

Writings of Dr. S. Radhakrishnan

Writings of Buddha

Writings of Swami Vivekananda

5. What have prepared us for the new age of freedom ?

Life and teachings of Swami Vivekananda

Writings of Ramakrishna Paramhansa

Life of Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan

Writings of Mahavir Jain

6. What are the treasures of India’s past ?

Ideals of religion

truth

nonviolence

all the above

7. Where did Swami Vivekananda collect the treasure ?

Indian scriptures

life and saying of his great master

both Indian scriptures and saying of his great master

none of the above

8. Who was the great master of Vivekananda?

Goutam Buddha

Mahavir Jain

Swami Vivekananda

Ramakrishnan Paramhansa

9. What are the two dominant features of our age ?

pleasure and happiness

science and democracy

business and technology

education and agriculture

10. A modern man should learn to live with a religion which coordinates ________ ?

intellectual conscience and spiritual of science

religion to democracy

technology to happiness

education to business

11. What does a religion approve itself ?

intellectual conscience and spirit of science

communalism

religious difference

superstitions

12. Religion should maintain _______ .

communalism

sprit of profit

faith of democracy

abstract thinking

13. What is the reason of the eclipse of religion ?

democratic sprit

scientific practice of religion

social activities

unscientific and undemocratic practice of religion

14. What are the subject to the law of time ?

carved stone

heroic act

great civilization

all the above

15. What are the parts of history ?

our arts and thoughts

our deeds of heroism

political structure

all the above

16. According to Radhakrishnan we have the sense of god forsakenness because _______.

implicit awareness of ultimate reality

precariousness of the world

religious difference

None

17. From where do we get an explanation to the fundamental problems ?

the scriptures

the Upanishads

paintings

the carved stones

18. What is Vedas according to great seer ?

intellectual writings

arguments of books

the register of the spiritual experience

logical arguments

19. What did Vivekananda say about Vedas ?

accumulated treasure of spiritual laws

scientific ideas

book of intellectual ideas

logical establishment of ideas

20. What did Vivekananda compare religion with ?

spiritual laws

 Yoga

democracy

science

21. How did he understand Yoga ?

it is personal change

it is reconditioning of one’s nature

it is awakening of the life

all the above

22. Which Yoga have been discussed by Vivekananda in his writing ?

Jnana Yoga and Raja Yoga

Bhakti Yoga and Karma Yoga

Raja Yoga and Karma Yoga

Jnana Yoga, Raja Yoga, Bhakti Yoga and Karma Yoga

23. How can these books of Yoga help someone ?

to reach heaven

to attain happiness

to reach at the goal of spiritual realisation

None

24. What is intolerance ?

expression of religious pride

religious humility

expression of egocentrism

religious supremacy

25. According to Radhakrishnan we are secular because ________.

we regard other religions are supreme

other religions are not sacred

we regard all religions as scared

we regard our religion as supreme

26. Vivekananda felt miserable about _______.

religious forwardness of India

religious backwardness of India

democratic development

development of science and technology

27. Our religion is confused with so much _______.

languages

differences in food and clothes

scientific development

obscurantism and superstition

28. ______ protested strongly against the abuse of our religion.

Goutam Buddha

Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan

Swami Vivekananda

Ramakrishnan Paramhansa

swami Vivekananda teaching 

a great son of india swami vivekananda 

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A Great Son Of India Question Answer Summary and MCQ PDF

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