On Examination Prose Summary And Question Answer PDF chse plus 2 Odisha


Free exam note on English on examination by Winston Churchill

On Examination Prose Summary And Question Answer PDF chse plus 2 Odisha

ON EXAMINATION By Winston Churchill  

An Introduction to Winston S. Churchill: 

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill was the son of Lord Randolph Churchill who was the loader of the house of commons and chancellor of the Exchequer. He was a reputed public figure. Winston Churchill too rose into the position of the Prime Minister of England twice. He was a noted statesman, Orator. He started his career as an officer in the British Army He turned into a writer, a historian and an artist. He got the most coveted nobel prize in literature in 1953

Introduction to the prose "On Examination'': 

"At Harrow'' is an excerpt from Chapter-Il (Harrow) of Winston S. Churchill's autobiography, A Roving Commission My Early Life (1930). 'On Examination' is a part of it. It records Churchill's experience at Harrow, his fear of examination, his selection to Harrow, his wickedness with friends, and seniors. 

Examination is a fear, a tedious job for the truants. Some students have sharp minds and they pay no heed to the examination. But the dull students mean it enough and feel horrified at the prospect of the examination. They lodge a lot of complaints against the teachers, question setters, and examiners. 

Churchill, being a young child, had similar complaints against the examiners, question papers, In fact he was good at poetry, history. But the examiners set questions from Latin and mathematics which put Churchill in difficulty, Yet he always enjoyed good luck which came as an aide and he was triumphant everywhere. 

On Examination Prose Summary

At the age of 12, the narrator had to appear for examinations to enter Harrow school. He knew that there would be questions in Latin and mathematics papers which he detested strongly. His favourite subjects, history, poetry would not help him in any way. He looked cross. He went to the examination hall. He could not answer a single question in the Latin paper. He wrote down the number of the question 'I' only. Tears rolled from his eyes and drenched the answer paper. The examiners collected his paper and sent it to headmaster, Dr. Welldon. What he understood from it only he knew. He gave him a pass certificate. 

         The narrator got a seat, but he was placed in the third or lowest division of the bottom. As per the Harrow custom, the students file past a master in the school yard and answer one by one when the roll is called. The narrator's name was towards last. When he appeared, others stared at him as his father Randolph Churchill was the leader of the House of commons and chancellor of the Exchequer, and commented - "Why he's last of all." 

      The cleverer students were allowed to study Latin and Greek. As the narrator was dull, he was asked to study English. The English teacher Mr. Sowervell was a delightful man. He taught English so easily by dividing and colouring the subject, predicate, object, clauses, brackets that even the stupidest student, after completing Latin and Greek, returned to English class, the narrator challenged them easily. 

      The narrator went to Harrow in the summer term. There was a river-like pond where the students gather, play mischief at the time of bathing. Oneday the narrator saw a boy standing in a meditative posture wrapped in a towel on the very brink. The narrator came stealthily behind. Pushed him in, holding on to his towel. He fell into the water, came out angrily and dragged him into the water. The writer swam across the pond to the other side. Some other boys were there. They rebuked him, for the boy whom he made naked was senior to him. He was head of his house, champion at Gym and had many titles and fame. The narrator met him and begged pardon saying- you looked small. My father, who is a great man, is also small. SoI played mischief. He forgave him. 

     The narrator was not completely dull. Once he got a prize reciting to the Headmaster twelve hundred lines of Macaulay "lays of Ancient Rome." He also succeeded in passing the preliminary examination for the Army while many seniors failed to get it. His luck came to his aid in this matter. He thought there would be a question on drawing a map. He memorised the map of New Zealand and the exact question was asked. So he got good marks.


On Examination Prose Analytical outlines : 

  • Winston Churchill reached the age of 12. 
  • He was asked to appear for the entrance examination to enter Harrow School 
  • The writer was afraid of examination. 
  • He was good at poetry, history, and writing essays. 
  • The questions would come from Latin and Mathematics. 
  • He showed his disliking for the choice of the examiners. 
  • He could not answer a single question in the Latin paper. 
  • He wrote "I", the number of questions.  
  • Tears rolled from his eyes. 
  • His answer paper was thoroughly drenched. 
  • His answer paper was sent to the headmaster, Dr. Welldon. 
  • He had the ability to look beneath the surface of things.
  • He gave a pass certificate to Churchill
  • He was placed in the third division. 
  • His name remained towards the bottom of the list. 
  • During roll call, his name came at last. 
  • He presented himself before the master at the time of roll call. 
  • The students comment - "He's last of all." 
  • Churchill disliked to be the last of all. 
  • He studied English at school. 
  • The clever students studied Latin and Greek. 
  • The English teacher was Mr. Somervell. 
  • He taught English easily through parsing. 
  • He underlined subject, predicate, object, clauses in various inks. 
  • Churchill could catch English easily. 
  • The Good students, after completing Latin and Greek, returned to English class.
  •  The writer challenged them in English. 
  • All should read English for a better future. 
  • Churchill came to Harrow school in summer. 
  • The school had the biggest swimming bath. 
  • Children gather there, play mischief with each other. 
  • They bath in the pond happily. 
  • Oneday The writer saw a boy on the bank of the pond in a meditative posture. 
  • He came stealthily and pushed him into the water. 
  • His towel was in his hand. 
  • The boy was Amery of sixth form. 
  • He was the Head of the House. 
  • He was the champion at Gym. 
  • He got angry and dragged Churchill out. 
  • Churchill swam across the pond to the other side. 
  • Some other students were there. 
  • They criticised him for offending a senior boy. 
  • Churchill went to Amery and begged pardon. 
  • He said -I couldn't know you because of your small size. 
  • He said - my father, who is a great man, is also small. 
  • He laughed and excused Churchill. 
  • In later years, Amery was Churchill's cabinet colleague. 
  • Churchill got the prize reciting Macaulay's "Lies of Ancient Rome '' without making a single mistake. 
  • He passed out in a preliminary examination for the Army. 
  • His fate helped him much more than his labour,
  • He thought there would be a question on a map.

On Examination Prose Question Answer : (questions to be answered carrying 2 marks each) 

Question.1. Does the writer like examinations ? Quote the line in support of your answer ? 

Answer. The writer does not like examinations. The line which says it is -"I entered the inhospitable regions of examination. These examinations were a great trial for me." 

Question.2. Mention the subjects that were dearest to the examiners ? 

Answer. The subjects that were dearest to the examiners were Latin and Mathematics. They set all questions out of these subjects. 

Question.3. Which subjects did the writer like the most ? 

Answer. The writer liked history, poetry and essays. 

Q.4. What reason does the writer give for his not doing well in the examinations ? 

Answer. The examination questions were set from Latin and Mathematics. The writer had no knowledge of them. They set no questions from his favourable area. So I performed badly in the examination. 

Question.5. What did the writer write in the answer book for the Latin paper ?

Answer. In the Latin paper, the writer wrote his name and the number of the question 'I'. 

Question.6. What a sad spectacle for him?

Answer. The writer shed tears in the examination hall. Teardrops fell on answer paper and created blots and smudges. This was a sad spectacle for him.

Question.7. What was the writer's position in the merit list for admission ? 

Answer. In the merit list, the writer was placed in the third or lowest division of the Fourth or bottom Form. 

Question.8. Whom does he give the credit of his success in the Entrance Examination ? Why ? 

Answer. Churchill gave the credit of his success to the headmaster Dr. Welldon. He was a man capable of looking beneath the surface of things. He passed out Churchill even though he had written nothing. 

Question.9. What do we mean by - "I gained no more advantage from the alphabet than from the wider sphere of letters." 

Answer. The names of the new boys were printed in the school list alphabetical order. So Spencer Churchill.appeared towards the end of list. The writer humorously says -I gained no more advantage from the alphabet than from the wider sphere of letters. 

Question.10. How did he become the last boy in the class ? 

Answer. Churchill's name was at the third position from the bottom. As the last two left school due to illness or some other cause, his name came to the last. 

Question.11. What is the custom of calling the roll at Harrow ? 

Answer. The custom of calling the roll at Harrow was that when the roll is called, the student files past a master in the school yard and answers his presence. 

Question.12. What is the custom of calling the roll at Eton ? 

Answer. At Eton the boys stand in a cluster and lift their hats when their names are called. 

Question.13. "Why, he's last of all"- why did people say so ? 

Answer. Churchill's name was at the end of the school list. During the roll call, it comes last and he files past. So others comment -why, he's last of all.

Question.1. What kind of students were taught Latin and Greek at Harrow ? 

Answer. The cleverer students were taught Latin and Greek at Harrow. 

Question.2. Which students were taught only English ? 

Answer. The dull students were taught English only. 

Question.3. Why does the writer rate English as a subject and Mr. Somervell as a teacher? 

Answer: According to the writer, English should be read for earning livelihood. The English teacher Mr. Somervell was a delightful man. He could teach in an easy manner so that the dull students could understand his teaching. He taught parsing thoroughly 

Question.4. What part of English grammar did he learn from Mr. Somervell ? 

Answer. Churchill learnt parsing from Mr. Somervell. It included identifying and using subject, object, verbs, clauses etc. 

Question.5. How did he score over the clever school fellows in after years ? 

Answer. The clever students first studied Latin and Greek while Churchill studied English. When the clever students returned to English class, Churchill had already got much knowledge in English and scored over others. 

Question.6. Why was he biased in favour of boys learning the English language ? 

Answer. He was biased in favour of boys learning English. Language because English would give them job opportunities, and would earn them bread. 

Question.1. How did the boys enjoy their time at the swimming bath ? 

Answer. Children used to repair for hours at a time and bask between dips eating enormous buns on the hot asphalt margin. 

Question.2. What kind of pranks did they enjoy at the bath ? 

Answer. They go in groups, play jokes on each other, come up behind naked friends, push them into water. 

Question.3. What did the writer do to the boy standing in a meditative posture ? 

Answer. Once a boy was standing in a meditative posture on the bank of the pond. Churchill came behind him secretly, pulled out his towel and pushed him into the pond. 

Question.4. What was the reaction of the boy? 

Answer. The boy emerged from the foam angrily, seized Churchill in a ferocious grip and hurled him into the deepest part of the pool. 

Question.5. What did the writer learn about Amery from the crowd of younger boys ? 

Answer. The writer learnt from others boys about Amery that he was in sixth form. He was the head of the house. He was the champion at Gym. He had got his football colours. 

Question.6. How did the writer apologize for his misconduct ? 

Answer. The writer came near Amery and said - "I am very sorry. I mistook you for a fourth form boy. You are so small. My father, who is a great man, is also small." 

Question.7. Did he apologise out of fear of guilt or both ? 

Answer. He apologised out of guilt. To him, it was "with the guilt of sacrilege." 

Question.8. Did the matter end happily for the writer ? 

Answer. Yes, the matter ended happily for the writer. In Unit-IV, he has given clarification.

Question.1. "Three years" difference in age is not as important as it is at school"- How does the writer prove it ? 

Answer. Three years difference may be enough in school. So Churchill and to beg pardon to Amery in school, In Later life, Churchill became the Prime Minister and Armory was his cabinet colleague for many years. They had no ill feeling, no difficulty. 

Question.2. How did the writer fare at school? 

Answer: The writer remained in the lowest rank in the merit list at school. It pained him much yet he showed excellence in a few fields. 

Question.3. How did he win a prize at school? 

Answer. Churchill once, recited to the headmaster twelve hundred lines of Macauley's "Lays of Ancient Rome" without making a mistake and got a prize. 

Question.4. What were the writer's noteworthy achievements at school ? 

Answer. The writer passed out the preliminary examination for the Army when many seniors failed, It was a rare achievement indeed. 

Question.5. How did the writer prepare himself for the preliminary examination for the Army ?

Answer. The writer thought that there would be a question to draw the map of a country and that country might be Newzealand, He read it and got the same question. So he answered it well. 

Question.6. Why does he call his success an en 'plein' ? 

Answer. He called his success an "en plein'' because he had read only one - "to draw the map of Newzealand". It was like a type of gambling. Actually the same question came. So it was an en' plein for Churchill. 



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